The Association of U S West Retirees



Personal Finance: A clear look at executive pensions
Disclosures under new SEC rules might provide the new "Oh, wow" factor for investors.
By Kathy Kristof, Los Angeles Times
Minneapolis Star Tribune
Sunday, August 6, 2006

Investors might soon be going ballistic over executive pensions, rather than executive pay. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) voted last week to force companies to reveal more information about how top executives are compensated, including salaries and perks.

But what's most likely to shock investors are pension and deferred-compensation accruals that will appear for the first time in readable form in next year's proxy statements, some experts say.

"Instead of finding out about all this stuff years later when someone retires, we are instantly going to know the 'holy cow' factor" of pension promises to executives, said Joshua Lurie, vice president of executive compensation and business development at in Waltham, Mass.

As pension programs for rank-and-file workers are being trimmed to cut corporate expenses, hefty executive pensions have become a hot-button issue with some activist investors.

Under SEC rules, companies must state whether executives have a pension and what the plan would pay for various compensation levels and years of service.

But the disclosure charts in company documents are so nebulous that only an actuary can figure out how much specific executives would get in real numbers.  And even then, the figures have mostly been estimates because there hasn't been enough information provided to be precise.

The new SEC rules, which take effect in December, require that any money accruing to an executive's pension be added into annual compensation figures in the yearly proxy statement sent to shareholders.  In addition, companies must provide a second set of charts that will reveal precisely how much each of their five most highly compensated officers have accumulated in their individual pension and deferred-compensation accounts.

In many cases, those numbers will run into the tens of millions of dollars, predicted Patrick McGurn, executive vice president of Institutional Shareholder Services, a firm that provides guidance on corporate governance issues to big investors.

"That's going to be the area that produces the stunned-silence moments," McGurn said.  "Those numbers could be eye-popping."

To be sure, many or most of the large pension-benefit commitments will have been accumulated by executives over time.  In some cases, however, companies that want to recruit an executive promise that individual faster pension vesting, said David Leach, a compensation consultant with ECG Advisors in Los Angeles.

While most people earn one year of pension credit for each year worked, some executives get two -- or more.

"There could be an 'oh, wow' factor with some of those accruals," Leach said.

The pension charts also might clarify how much -- or how little -- of executive compensation truly is performance-based, said Ted White, a consultant to the Council of Institutional Investors, a group of big pension funds.

Although many firms have maintained that double-digit yearly percentage gains in executive pay have been tied directly to key measures of corporate performance, such as earnings growth, academic studies have found the opposite to be true.

Now that pension information will be disclosed clearly, "I think there is going to be more recognition that, when half of the [compensation] value that's accrued during the year is for the pension, there's no performance element here," White said.

"This is not about creating value" for shareholders because of smart business moves by top executives, White said.  "The pension accrues if the executive is simply alive."

E-mail Kathy Kristof at